Aristotle and happiness as the most virtuous state

Aristotle: Politics

So it is clear that exercising theoretical wisdom is a more important component of our ultimate goal than practical wisdom. Yet that all the exponents of the arts should be ignorant of, and should not even seek, so great an aid is not probable.

So far from offering a decision procedure, Aristotle insists that this is something that no ethical theory can do. A consideration of the prominent types of life shows that people of superior refinement and of active disposition identify happiness with honour; for this is, roughly speaking, the end of the political life.

Happiness as absolute end is above praise. He will elaborate on these points in X. Aristotle also examines the coming to be and perishing of a first substance. According to Aristotle, states may be classified according to the number of their rulers and the interests in which they govern.

Aristotle assumes that if I know that p, then I can cite some justification q, to justify my belief that p, and I also know why q justifies p Posterior Analytics I 2. The defining nature of pleasure is that it is an activity that accompanies other activities, and in some sense brings them to completion.

But all educated physicians take much pains to know about the body. Two senses of justice distinguished. The opposite of courage is both cowardice and rashness, for example. In divine substance, however, each feature is found in separation from these other properties; that is why a divine substance lacks matter, multiplicity, parts or potentiality.

Online Library of Liberty

By a contradiction he means being both x and not x at the same time and in the same respect. All three of the main types of friendship for pleasure, for advantage and for the good seek the good of the other person. The moral virtues are simply a subset of the general sense in which a human being is capable of functioning well or excellently.

Plato and Aristotle: How Do They Differ?

Aristotle viewed economic activity as a means of coordination through which persons would have the opportunity to obtain the external goods necessary to attain happiness.

In both the akratic and the enkratic, it competes with reason for control over action; even when reason wins, it faces the difficult task of having to struggle with an internal rival. For the former think it is some plain and obvious thing like pleasure, wealth or honour… [a17] [5] So, as Aristotle points out, saying that eudaimon life is a life which is objectively desirable, and means living well, is not saying very much.

The biological fact Aristotle makes use of is that human beings are the only species that has not only these lower capacities but a rational soul as well. Now of first principles we see some by induction, some by perception, some by a certain habituation, and others too in other ways.

Nicomachean Ethics

Happiness in general terms is a belief, an idea and a theory. Just like other theories, beliefs, and ideas may have fallacies, the theory of happiness might too.

According to Aristotle happiness is an end, an end result of all the things a person does. Most of our acts are committed for a reason to achieve something else, but happiness is different.

Book 1, Chapter 5. Let us, however, resume our discussion from the point at which we digressed. To judge from the lives that men lead, most men, and men of the most vulgar type, seem (not without some ground) to identify the good, or happiness, with pleasure; which is the reason why they love the life of.

Aristotle (— B.C.E.) Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates.

He was more empirically-minded than Plato or Socrates and is famous for rejecting Plato's theory of forms. Eudaimonia (Greek: εὐδαιμονία [eu̯dai̯moníaː]), sometimes anglicized as eudaemonia or eudemonia / j uː d ɪ ˈ m oʊ n i ə /, is a Greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare; however, "human flourishing or prosperity" has been proposed as a more accurate translation.

[better source needed] Etymologically, it consists of the words "eu" ("good") and "daimōn" ("spirit"). Aristotle ( bc). Aristotle of Stagira is one of the two most important philosophers of the ancient world, and one of the four or five most important of any time or place.

Aristotle's Ethics

Aristotle (– B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest philosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle’s works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest.

Aristotle and happiness as the most virtuous state
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Aristotle's Ethics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)